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The Lord Is Compassionate     Isa. 54:1-10     April 26, 2009


       The American Heritage Dictionary defines compassion as: “the awareness of the suffering of another coupled with the wish to relieve it.” Is God aware of suffering? Yes! Does He have the wish to relieve it? Yes! Now, does he always remove suffering? No! Think back to the life of Joseph and the suffering his brothers caused for him that God allowed. Joseph later said to his brothers: “you meant evil against me; but God meant it for good,.” The good cause by Joseph’s suffering eventually helped thousands of people. Joseph would not have changed it even if he could. Truly, The Lord Is Compassionate.


1.   The Compassion Of The Lord Gives Times Of . . Rejoicing. 54:1-3

       A.   Rejoice In The . . Promise Of Future Blessings. 54:1

1 "Rejoice, barren one, who did not give birth; burst into song and shout, you who have not been in labor! For the children of the forsaken one will be more than the children of the married woman," says the LORD.


       B.   Rejoice In The . . Pleasure Of Future Blessings. 54:2-3

2 "Enlarge the site of your tent, and let your tent curtains be stretched out; do not hold back; lengthen your ropes, and drive your pegs deep.3 For you will spread out to the right and to the left, and your descendants will dispossess nations and inhabit the desolate cities.

       If you believe God knows best and by faith you believe the future will be much better you can rejoice in the present, thinking of His promise, and the pleasure of future blessings. We could get ready for future blessing by enlarging our church or facilities. Many churches enjoyed good increases after they enlarged their buildings. Yet many of us know of buildings being built and fusses breaking out, so we must try our best to build after the Lord has directed us. Similar to the text I enjoyed witnessing on one occasion a childless couple believing God told them they would have children so they prepared a nursery and decorated it. Eventually that nursery was occupied by a precious baby girl.


2.   The Compassion Of The Lord Gives Times Of . . Restoration. 54:4-5

       A.   Restoration From . . Humility. 54:4

4 "Do not be afraid, for you will not be put to shame; don't be humiliated, for you will not be disgraced. For you will forget the shame of your youth, and you will no longer remember the disgrace of your widowhood.


       B.   Restoration For Your . . Husband. 54:5

5 For your husband is your Maker — His name is Yahweh of Hosts — and the Holy One of Israel is your Redeemer; He is called the God of all the earth.

       The Lord promises restoration for Israel. He shares one of the ingredients for restoration, or revival, that rests in the humility of His people. You remember He said in another text, “If my people will humble themselves.” Sometimes we must humble ourselves so any humiliation the world would place on us does not concern us. We may humble ourselves before the Lord; believing in His promises regardless of the taunts of the world. We act this way because in the likeness of a marriage our husband is our Maker. He is the all powerful Holy One of Israel and because of His compassion He promises restoration. In simple child like faith we can believe Him.



3.   The Compassion Of The Lord Gives Times Of . . Reconciliation. 54:6-10

       A.   Reconciliation From . . Rejection. 54:6-7

              6 For the LORD has called you, like a wife deserted and wounded in spirit, a wife of one's youth when

              she is rejected,"says your God.7 "I deserted you for a brief moment, but I will take you back with great



       B.   Reconciliation From . . Rebuking. 54:8-9 

              8 In a surge of anger I hid My face from you for a moment, but I will have compassion on you with

              everlasting love,"says the LORD your Redeemer. 9 "For this is like the days of Noah to Me: when I

              swore that the waters of Noah would never flood the earth again, so I have sworn that I will not be

              angry with you or rebuke you.


       C.   Reconciliation From . . Removal. 54:10

10 Though the mountains move and the hills shake, My love will not be removed from you and My covenant of peace will not be shaken,"says your compassionate LORD. HCSB

       In the History of Israel, because of her sinfulness, God deserted her. In the text He promises a reconciliation. This will come in spite of past rejection, rebuking, and removal. Many believe that will not take place until the tribulation period which comes after the rapture of the church. In the past the Lord rebuked Israel but promises not to do that again, but to restore His everlasting covenant. The Lord further promises even though mountains move and hills shake He will not remove His love. There very definitely will be a time of restoration. This restoration will take place because The Lord Is Compassionate. Amen? Amen!



Chapter 54

Verse 1

a [O barren, thou that didst not bear; break forth into singing, and cry aloud ...] The 67 th prophecy in Isaiah (Isa 54, unfulfilled). Next, Isa 55:3.


b [barren, thou that didst not bear; break forth into singing, and cry aloud, thou that didst not travail with child: for more are the children of the desolate than the children of the married wife] Quoted in Gal 4:27.

c [for more are the children of the desolate than the children of the married wife] This verse predicts the salvation of the Gentiles during the rejection and dispersion of Israel. Paul quoted this passage to prove that more men will be saved under the new covenant than under the old one, which is cast out and abolished (Gal 4:27).


Verse 2

a [Enlarge the place of thy tent, and let them stretch forth the curtains of thine habitations: spare not, lengthen thy cords, and strengthen thy stakes]

Great Increase in Numbers


Verse 5

a [husband]

Israel, the Wife of God


Verse 7

a [gather thee] See Isa 11:10-12; Jer 31-32; Eze 37.


Verse 8

a [little wrath I hid my face from thee for a moment] Two little things here:

1.    A small (little or short) moment, a very short time, which to man is a very long time — already over 2,500 years. From God's viewpoint of inhabiting eternity (Isa 57:15) and to whom 1,000 years are as a day (2 Pe 3:8), this is but a very small period — like 2 or 3 days.

2.    A little wrath, which has already destroyed multiplied millions of men and whole nations, has dispersed His chosen people to the uttermost parts of the earth (Isa 54:8). It is little in comparison to the wrath to come in the tribulation and eternal hell yet to be made manifest.


Verse 9

a [as the waters of Noah unto me: for as I have sworn that the waters of Noah should no more go over the earth] Just as God promised that He would never send another flood like the one in Noah's day (Ge 8:20-22), so, after the future and second restoration of Israel as a nation in Palestine, He will never be angry at her again or rebuke her.

b [sworn that I would not be wroth with thee, nor rebuke thee] Two things God has sworn to Israel:

1.    Not to be angry with her.

2.    Not to rebuke her.


Verse 10

a [For the mountains shall depart, and the hills be removed]

Second Coming of Christ



54:1 To be childless at that time was a woman's great shame, a disgrace. Families depended on children for survival, especially when the parents became elderly. Israel (Jerusalem) was unfruitful, like a childless woman, but God would permit her to have many children and change her mourning into singing.

54:6-8 God said that he had abandoned Israel for a brief moment, so the nation was like a young wife rejected by her husband. But God still called Israel his own. The God we serve is holy, and he cannot tolerate sin. When his people blatantly sinned, God in his anger chose to punish them. Sin separates us from God and brings us pain and suffering. But if we confess our sin and repent, then God will forgive us. Have you ever been separated from a loved one and then experienced joy when that person returned? That is like the joy God experiences when you repent and return to him.

54:9-13 God made a covenant with Noah that he has never broken (Ge 9:8-17). Likewise, God made a covenant of peace with the people of Israel that the time would come when he would stop pouring out his anger on them; he would teach their citizens and give them prosperity.


(from Ryrie Study Bible: Expanded Edition © 1986, 1995 by the Moody Bible Institute of Chicago.)

54:2 The illustration of the enlarging of postexilic Israel is that of a bedouin tent, easily enlarged by adding skins, lengthening cords, and putting down stronger pegs.

54:4-10 Judah in exile is viewed as a wife separated from her husband (the Lord) but eventually to be restored (cf. v. 9 with Ge 9:11). The ultimate fulfillment awaits the Millennium, since only at that time could God say He would never be angry with Israel again (v. 9).

(from Ryrie Study Bible: Expanded Edition © 1986, 1995 by the Moody Bible Institute of Chicago.)